Discover the Sicilian indigenous grape varieties

  • Inzolia


    Known in Sicily by different names (Insolia, Ansolia, ‘Nzolia vranca), Inzolia is a white grape variety anciently brought here by the Greeks. It also grows in Calabria and Tuscany (Ansonica), and in several wine regions of Western Mediterranean.

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  • Grillo


    Nobody outside Sicily knew anything about Grillo only 10 years ago. This is also still the case for many indigenous Sicilian grapes, but the one surprising thing about Grillo's is that its popularity has broadened from being totally obscure to becoming one of the most appreciated varieties in a very limited amount of time.

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  • Catarratto


    Catarratto is one of the classic traditional white grape varieties of Sicily, and one of the most antique. Mostly planted in the Western part of the Island, it represents today about 33% of the Sicilian vineyard, mainly in the provinces of Agrigento, Trapani and Palermo.

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  • Frappato


    From a minor grape variety to a Sicilian superstar, Frappato has enchanted people's palate in a short time. It is a versatile grape: single varietal frappato is easy drinking and excellent companion for food; when blended with Nero d'Avola, it offers structure and elegance.

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  • Nero d'Avola

    Nero d'Avola

    Nero d’Avola is the most famous Sicilian red grape, and one of the most widely planted all over the Island. Covering more than 17.500 hectares, it represents today about 16% of the Sicilian vineyard.

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  • Perricone


    Perricone is a red grape variety that is indigenous to Western Sicily. Its origins date back to the Greek colonization of the Western Mediterranean, about the VIII century BC, and it has been cultivated since then in the “golden triangle” between Palermo, Trapani and Agrigento.

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  • Zibibbo


    Zibibbo is one of the rarest grapes in the world with a triple attitude: it is a wine grape, a table grape and a raisin grape. Its extraordinary adaptability is the main reason for a long history that dates back 5.000 years.

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Frappato: a star is born

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From a minor grape variety to a Sicilian superstar, Frappato has enchanted people's palate in a short time. It is a versatile grape: single varietal frappato is easy drinking and excellent companion for food; when blended with Nero d'Avola, it offers structure and elegance.



As for most Italian native grape varieties, the origins of Frappato and the etymology of its name are still uncertain.

There are few written records about Frappato, with the first known document dating back to 1760. Domenico Sestini, a botanist and a viticulture enthusiast, has written about Frappato in his book “Memoriale sui vini di Vittoria”, reinforcing the strong link between the grape and the territory of Vittoria. Based on Sestini's writings and on the fact that the foundation of Vittoria descends from the concession of land to farmers by Countess Vittoria Colonna Henriquez-Cabrera, some authors hypothesized the Spanish origin of the grape.

However, other circumstantial pieces of evidence trace the origins of Frappato back to the Greek colonization in the 6th century BC and, in particular, to the adaptation of Greek grape varieties to the countryside of Kamarina, a city founded by the Syracusans in 598 BC.

Kamarina was a prestigious center of Magna Graecia: its Chora, the cultivated area that served the city basic needs, was full of small farms stretching from the coast to the hinterland, on the hills where the urban centers of Vittoria, Comiso, Acate and Ragusa rise today. Grapes, olives, barley, and wheat were cultivated on these lands, efficiently fertilized by a channeling system that used to deliver water from the Ippari River down to the valley.


The territory of ancient KAMARINA, homeland of the Frappato


To confirm the Frappato's ancient roots, a reliable genetic study on Sicilian native grape varieties proves that it belongs to the Nerelli family, cultivated in Sicily both in the Eastern part (Nerello Mascalese, Nerello Cappuccio, Carricante) and in the Western part (Perricone) of the Island. All these grape varieties have a close genetic relation with the Sangiovese, which Southern origin is now confirmed. Sangiovese is in fact the crossing result between Greek grape varieties and Italian varieties adapted to Ionian Calabria.

Frappato genetic relations


Regarding the origins of Frappato’s name, several hypotheses have been put forward. Some believe - somewhat naively – that the word Frappato derives from “fruiter”, hence referring to the wine's organoleptic profile. Others believe that the name Frappato comes from the French term “frapper”, pointing out to the jagged shape of the leaves.
Others, perhaps more accurately, believe that the name Frappato comes from “rappatu”, a Sicilian traditional term that can be translated with “many clusters”, referring to the variety’s compact winged bunch.



Although traditionally linked to the territory of Vittoria, over 46% of Frappato vineyards grow in the province of Trapani, while 34% grow in the province of Ragusa and 11,5% in the province of Agrigento (ISTAT, 2010). With a total surface area of 1580 acres, Frappato is the 17th most planted grape variety in Sicily.

The success of Sicilian wines on the market, together with the producer’s growing awareness, has generated the success of this native grape variety. Moreover, Frappato is getting fresh attention due to stylistic trends toward lighter wines.



Frappato has medium vigor and moderate productivity. Due to its clusters’ compactness and to its sensitivity to fungal diseases (odium, downy mildew, and gray mold) it adapts better to dry and ventilated climates.

There are at least two known biotypes of Frappato, which have different organoleptic characteristics as well as budding and ripening periods. A cylindrical bunch with well-pronounced wings characterizes the Biotype A, a late ripening grape, while a conical bunch with one typical hooked end characterizes the Biotype B – which has an earlier ripening.



Frappato wines stand out for their intense aromas: the reason lies in their high content in terpenes, norisoprenoids, and benzenoids, three classes of aromatic compounds. However, their specific aromatic qualities depend on the biotype used, while maintaining the essential varietal character: a red fruit freshness.

Frappato tasting notesBiotype A is richer in norisoprenoids and benzenoids from which floral notes of roses, violets and lavender, and aromas of strawberry and cinnamon derive.

Biotype B has, on the contrary, a more intense bouquet of black fruit, especially cherry and wild berries, with scents of geranium flowers, spiced and menthol notes.

Both biotypes give life to wines with a bright ruby color, light and transparent, with soft and balanced tannins and a rather thin body.



Red Frappato can be served in regular wine glasses, at a recommended temperature of 56 - 60 °F (fresh but not too cold), to enhance the delicate taste and pleasant drinkability of this peculiar wine.

The most part of 100% Frappato wines are ready a few months after the harvest, while some have a greater complexity and are able to develop their finesse only after an adequate time in the bottle, aging nicely from 4 to 6 years. If blended with Nero d'Avola, as it happens for the Cerasuolo di Vittoria, Frappato produces more intense, structured and durable wines.

A great companion for food, Frappato marries with first courses, such as fish soup and vegetable couscous, or with swordfish, blue fish, white meats and local cured meats and cheeses.



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Vino Rosato Frizzante

Frappato Menfi DOC



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Tags: Menfi DOC, #SicilianWine, sicilian grape varieties, Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG, frappato

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